About scales

The theory in a nutshell



There are two systems for the appoint , Noten Namen:

C – D – E – F – G – A – B – C
Do – Re – Mi – Does – Sol – La – And – Do

The first is i.a.. in Netherlands and Germany used.
The second is i.a.. in Belgium and France used.
The above can also be used to translate, want C = Do, D = Re enz.

We will on this page both use designations (for example. C / Do).
We call above series on a scale which can further run to above or down.
From right to left on a letter lager is always a tone lower, , left to right on a letter higher is always a tone higher. All music based in some scale.
A scale can start on any early tone, which then also the name forms of the scale.

The alphabet of the music (the Noten Namen) runs from A t/m G (according to the first system), where after each G/Sol again, the A/La follow. The scale of A/La goes exactly according to the alphabet (A t/m G), and A.

The end tone a scale is exactly eight consecutive show higher than the started showing, We call this distance a octave. For the translate to the second system we can use the first table: A=La, B=And, C=Do etc.. You learn to use both systems side by side.

We can be a scale also multiple octaves play, for example, about 2 octaves:

A – B – C – D – E – F – G – A – B – C – D – E – F – G – A
La – And – Do – Re – Mi – Does – Sol – La – And – Do – Re – Mi – Does – Sol – La

You can also indicate the octave with the aid of a figure.
On every C / Do changes the octave numbering with digits higher / lower and you are in a next / previous octave.
This is useful when we later use a tuning device with this octave numbering.
This figure is a tuning device the number of octaves, counted from the left-most C/Do of the piano or Grand Piano, meant. However, there is also a absolute system for advanced in order to denote them to the octaves, but let's also disregarded.

The same scale with octave designation:

A3 – B3 – C4 – D4 – E4 – F4- G4 – A4 – B4 – C5 – D5 – E5 – F5 – G5 – A5
La3 – SI3 – Do4 – Re4 – Mi4 – Fa4- Sol4 – La4 – Si4 – Do5 – Re5 – Mi5 – FA5 – Sol5 – A5

We treat learning more votes here only the scale of C / Do.

There are all and semitones between two successive tones of scale possible.
A all ranges of is, of course, twice as large like a half distance, hold here note when voting !
There is standard on a semitone the show between E – F / Mi – Does and between B – C / And – Do.
Between all other notes the scale is a all toonsafstand.

A all toonsafstand thus consists of two semitones. Between each whole show away matches another tone, on a increased tone a semitone higher is dan de normal toon.
This increased tone denoted by a # (cross).

The same scale but with all semitones between:

C – C# – D – D# – E – F – F# – G – G# – A – A# – B – C
Do – Do# – Re – Re# – Mi – Does – Does# – Sol – Sun# – La – The# – And – Do

It is also possible a tone with a semitone , lower, but let's just aside here.

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Between two white keys in is almost everywhere black key, except in a few places on the keyboard.
As he between two white keys a black key is, is de interval between the white and black a key
half tone and distance between the two white keys 2x a semitone thus a all interval.
Where there between two white test no black key is, is de interval between the white keys a half toon.

Listen share Using of the above virtual piano:

  • how a half distance tone sounds: for example. between key: J-K | S-9 | K-# | 8-S
  • how a all distance tone sounds: for example. between key: J-# | S-D | K-L | 8-9
  • that a all tone step consists of two half- show: for example. midterms combi: S-9-D | K-#-L
  • that the scale of C / Do no black Keys need (no increases or cross #):
    Keys Combination: Z X C V B N M , and between , . / A S D F G and between G H J K L Q W E and between E R T Y U I O P
  • that there is a half tone distance is between E – F / Mi – Does and between B – C / And – Do:
    E – F / Mi – Does: Located between keys combi: C-V | /-A | J-K | T-Y
    B – C / And – Do: Located between keys combi: M-, | F-G | W-E
  • again gamut of C / Do but now with all the semitones in between (with all the crosses #):
    Keys Combination: FROM 1 X 2 C V 3 B 4 N 5 M , etc.…